Bone Spur in Knee

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What is a bone spur in the knee?

Bone spurs are bony growths that can develop anywhere on the bones, but most commonly develop in joints (such as the knee). Contrary to popular belief, bone spurs are not jagged, but rather smooth bumps of extra bone that form when the body attempts to repair itself in response to damage. They can cause symptoms when there is bone on bone contact within the joint on movement.

Symptoms

Bone spurs in knee joints may not cause any symptoms – it is possible to have them for years without noticing. But when damage to the knee joint worsens, they can be painful and interfere with the movement of your knee.

Symptoms of knee spurs can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of damage in the knee joint, and may include:

  • Knee pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased range of motion in the knee joint
  • Pain when extending and bending the knee

Why do I have bone spurs in my knee?

Bone spurs are caused by the body trying to repair itself by building extra bone in response to stress and pressure that wears down the cartilage and bone in the joint over time. This wear and tear is a common part of the aging process and the stress placed on our joints over the years, and may also lead to osteoarthritis (OA), which is a degenerative type of arthritis affecting the joints. The knee is one of the joints most often affected by OA.

Risks

There are certain factors that increase your risk of developing bone spurs in the knee. Along with degenerative changes due to aging, other risk factors include:

  • Being overweight, as this increases stress on the knee joints
  • A family history of osteoarthritis
  • Knee injuries and abnormalities, such as fractures and dysplasia
  • Engaging in activities involving repetitive stress on the knees

Diagnosis

In order to determine if your symptoms are being caused by bone spurs in the knee, your doctor will first talk with you about your symptoms. He or she will want to know what symptoms you are experiencing, how long you’ve been having pain, what medical conditions or injuries you may have that affect the knee joints, if you have a family history of osteoarthritis, and other details about your activity levels before and after your symptoms started.

The next step in diagnosing knee spurs is a physical examination. During the exam your doctor will inspect your knee and leg for signs of injury, feel the knee for bone spurs, and then bend, extend, and rotate your knee to check your range of motion.

Imaging tests will be used to confirm a diagnosis of knee spurs. These may include:

  • X-rays

    These images are able to clearly show damage in the bones, including bone spurs, and narrowing of the joint space associated with osteoarthritis.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    This type of scan produces 3-D images that show the bones and soft tissues in great detail, enabling the doctor to diagnose damage to the soft tissues, including knee spurs..

  • Blood tests

    Your doctor may order blood tests to help rule out the presence of infection and other types of arthritis.

Treatment

Bone spurs don’t need to be treated unless they begin causing symptoms. If pain is interfering with your daily life, there are solutions!

AROmotion is a cutting-edge solution for pain caused by joint injuries and degenerative disorders. including bone spurs. Our unique, minimally invasive treatment procedures are needle-based, meaning that there is no incision and no surgical recovery period. AROmotion preserves your natural knee joint, promotes natural healing, and restores your mobility faster than other treatments!

Other treatment options include:

  • Weight loss

    This minimizes the load placed on your knee and other joints, which can relieve pain and help to lessen future damage on the joints. If you are overweight, losing just a few pounds can result in significant improvement of pain.

  • Pain medication

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) and other pain relievers can reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Physical therapy

    Specific exercises can help improve flexibility and strength, as well as improve your range of motion.

  • Cortisone steroid injections

    A combination of cortisone and a numbing agent is injected directly into the knee for quick relief of pain and inflammation.

  • Hyaluronic acid injections

    These injections use a fluid similar to the thick fluid found in our joints that provide lubrication so the joint can move better.

  • Radiofrequency ablation

    Also known as denervation, this is a method of temporarily turning off or blocking the nerves from sending pain signals while other therapies have time to take effect.

  • PRP injections

    PRP, or platelet-rich plasma therapy, injects proteins called growth factors, which help support healing in injured areas.

  • Stem cell injections

    Physician directed stem cell therapy uses very powerful young cells to stimulate the patient’s own native repair mechanisms to regenerate new cartilage.

  • Surgery

    There are different types of surgical procedures to treat severe osteoarthritis in the knee: knee osteotomy (which realigns the bones in the knee), joint replacement or minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery. The last surgery is performed through a small incision using a thin, flexible camera. The type of surgery you have will depend on the extent of your damage and other factors, such as age and overall state of health.

If pain from bone spurs in your knee is preventing you from moving freely, contact the skilled team at Advanced Regenerative Orthopedics to find out how we can help you get back to a pain-free life!