Hip Osteoarthritis

Contact us today to learn if AROmotion is the right solution for your hip osteoarthritis!

What is hip osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA), also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis. Over 28 million Americans suffer from this condition, which is also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease.

In a healthy hip joint, there is a hard, “teflon”-like coating that covers the end of the bones in the joint. This slick coating, called hyaline cartilage, allows the hip joint to move freely by creating a smooth surface and acting as a cushion between the bones. When the hyaline cartilage is functioning properly, the bones glide smoothly over each other, and the cartilage absorbs the shock placed on the joints with movement.

In hip osteoarthritis, this cartilage wears down, resulting in a rough surface and interfering with the movement of the joint, which can cause pain. As the condition worsens, the bones in the hip can also wear down and cause bone spurs. In advanced osteoarthritis of the hip, the cartilage wears away, causing bone to rub against bone and causing even further damage to the joint.

Symptoms

Hip arthritis symptoms gradually worsen over time. Symptoms may include:

  • Hip pain
  • Stiffness
  • Pain in the groin or thigh that may radiate to the knees or buttocks
  • Decreased range of motion in the hip
  • Crepitus, which is a grinding sound heard in the joint during movement
  • “Locking” of the joint

Those with osteoarthritis—hip or otherwise—report pain and stiffness that is worse upon waking or after sitting or resting. Rainy weather and vigorous activity can also cause joint pain to flare up.

Why do I have hip osteoarthritis?

Hip osteoarthritis is caused by the deterioration of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in your hip joint. Though there is not a specific known cause for this, there are factors that may increase your chances of developing the condition.

Risks

Certain risk factors are known to increase a person’s risk for osteoarthritis of the hip. These include:

  • Aging

    Though anyone can develop osteoarthritis, it most commonly affects people over the age of 65.

  • Genetics

    The risk is higher for those with a family history of the condition.

  • Being overweight

    Excess weight places extra strain on the joints, increasing the risk of degenerative arthritis. Hip and knee joints are joints most affected by excess weight.

  • Previous hip injury

    Those who have a previous injury to the hip joint are more susceptible.

  • Hip dysplasia and other joint abnormalities

    Being born with structural abnormalities in the hip joint increases the likelihood of hip osteoarthritis.

  • Certain occupations and activities

    Activities that entail repetitive stress on the hip joint can lead to hip osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis

In order to diagnose hip osteoarthritis, your doctor will begin by asking you questions about your medical history and symptoms. You will be asked to describe your symptoms, provide details about when the symptoms began and how they impact your daily activities, and provide information about any family history of osteoarthritis of the hip. A physical examination is also an important part of diagnosing degenerative arthritis. Your hip pain will be evaluated, along with strength and flexibility. The doctor will also look for areas that are swollen and tender.

Diagnostic tests are used to confirm a diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis. These can include:

  • X-rays

    These can show degenerative changes, bone spurs, and other signs of osteoarthritis.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    This type of scan provides highly detailed images of the cartilage, bones, and soft tissues, enabling doctors to diagnose OA even in its early stages.

  • Joint aspiration

    A needle is used to remove a sample of joint fluid that will be checked for crystals and other indicators of joint deterioration, inflammation, and other types of arthritis.

Treatment

There is currently no known cure for osteoarthritis, but there are many options for treating hip osteoarthritis symptoms with the goal of relieving pain and improving mobility. Treatment will be based on different factors like age, weight, and the severity of your condition.

AROmotion is a cutting-edge solution for pain caused by joint injuries and degenerative disorders, including hip osteoarthritis. Our unique, minimally invasive treatment procedures are needle-based, meaning that there is no incision and no surgical recovery period. AROmotion preserves your natural hip joint, promotes natural healing, and restores your mobility faster than other treatments!

Other, nonsurgical options include:

  • Weight loss

    This minimizes the load placed on your hip and other joints, which can relieve pain and help to lessen future damage on the joints. If you are overweight, losing just a few pounds can result in significant improvement of pain.

  • Pain medication

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) and other pain relievers can reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Physical therapy

    Specific exercises can help improve flexibility and strength, as well as improve your range of motion.

  • Cortisone steroid injections

    A combination of cortisone and a numbing agent is injected directly into the hip for quick relief of pain and inflammation.

  • Hyaluronic acid injections

    These injections use a fluid similar to the thick fluid found in our joints that provide lubrication so the joint can move better.

  • Radiofrequency ablation

    Also known as denervation, this is a method of temporarily turning off or blocking the nerves from sending pain signals while other therapies have time to take effect.

  • PRP injections

    PRP, or platelet-rich plasma therapy, injects proteins called growth factors, which help support healing in injured areas.

  • Stem cell injections

    Physician directed stem cell therapy uses very powerful young cells to stimulate the patient’s own native repair mechanisms to regenerate new cartilage.

If hip osteoarthritis significantly impacts your daily life even after nonsurgical treatments have been attempted, or if your symptoms have failed to improve despite using other treatments for some time, your doctor may recommend surgery. There are a few different procedures available for osteoarthritis of the hip, including:

  • Hip resurfacing

    This procedure entails removing the damaged bone and cartilage from the hip socket and resurfacing the head of the femur with a smooth metal cap.

  • Total hip replacement

    This procedure entails removing and replacing the hip joint’s socket (acetabulum) and femoral head (head of the thighbone) with prosthetics to restore your hip’s function.

  • Osteotomy

    This procedure is not used often for hip osteoarthritis and is often only considered for younger patients to delay hip replacement surgery. It entails realigning the hip joint by trimming the femoral head or socket to relieve pressure on the joint and slow progression.

If hip osteoarthritis is preventing you from moving freely and living an active lifestyle, contact the skilled team at Advanced Regenerative Orthopedics to find out how we can help you get back to a pain-free life!