Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that is used to diagnose and treat conditions of the knee joint. This minimally invasive procedure involves making a small incision and inserting a thin instrument called an arthroscope through the incision. An arthroscope is a very thin, flexible tube with a camera and light at the end that allows the surgeon to view the inside of the knee joint. The surgeon can investigate the source of your symptoms and repair any damage found using small instruments.
Knee arthroscopy is an effective way to diagnose and treat knee pain and various conditions of the knee, such as meniscus tears and wear and tear on the cartilage. Arthroscopic knee surgery can provide pain relief and improve your mobility so that you can maintain an active lifestyle and get back to your normal activities.
The procedure requires only small incisions which allows for less scarring and pain, as well as a faster recovery after the surgery.
You will receive general anesthetic so you will be asleep during the procedure. The surgeon makes two small incisions and inserts the arthroscope to view the inside of the knee. Other small instruments are passed through an incision to repair damage. These instruments, though small, can be used to cut, repair tissue, and remove loose particles in the joint. Once finished, the incisions will each be closed using a stitch or two and then covered in dressing.
The procedure takes approximately one hour.
Along with being able to treat your knee pain and stiffness, knee arthroscopy can also diagnose and treat several knee conditions, including:
- Torn meniscus
- Dislocated patella
- Tear of the anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments
- Baker’s cyst
- Synovium swelling
- Loose cartilage fragments